The article shows a picture of the Silesian world of art (visual arts), treated as a part of the Polish artistic field. The authors, using Pierre Bourdieu's field theory, outline the origins and structure of the Silesian subfield and situate it in the national artistic space. The Silesian field of art is divided into two main areas: orthodox (classic art) and heterodox (avant-garde). Theses areas are supported by two forces: the former by the local, political and bureaucratic fields and the latter by the central forces of the national field of art. The analysis is based on research of Silesian contemporary art galleries.