THE LEGISLATIVE FACTORY. THE ISSUE OF POLITICAL REPRESENTATION IN THE POLISH THIRD REPUBLIC
This article can be described as a legal-sociological take on the constitutional norm that defines the character of political representation in democratic Poland. Although this norm refers to the purely representative character of democracy, it differs from the expectations of society, which regards elected representatives as dependent on the will of the electorate even beyond election day. Research shows that elected representatives have very varied opinions on their role. When they consider the voting prerogatives of national minorities or the quota representation of women, it is sociographic representation that they have in mind. As for the representation of opinion, they agree on some points and differ over others, recognising the latitude of their mandate, supporting referenda, but also limiting their legal significance. They also describe the subject of representation and the nature of the ties it is based on in different ways. Some feel themselves entirely dependent on society, while others aim to express the interests of only certain segments of society. This leads to the claim that such variability in conceptions and interpretations is the strength of representation. Sociologists in general, and sociologists of law in particular, must bear this fact in mind when interpreting the process that takes place within the great legislative factory.
J. Kurczewski, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Instytut Stosowanych Nauk Spolecznych, ul. Nowy Swiat 69, 00 927 Warszawa, Poland
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