This article presents a synopsis of the development of the Czech sociology of industry between 1965 and 1989. It briefly describes the reconstitution of this sociological sub-discipline in the context of the renewal of Czech sociology in the second half of the 1960s. In the main section of their text the authors survey the activities of various institutions that focused on the sociology of industry after the 1968 Soviet invasion and look at the subsequent 'normalisation' (de facto the politically motivated liquidation) of the Czech social sciences and sociology. As part of the political reprisals against reform-minded sociologists, many of them were not allowed to continue their professional careers at academic institutions, such as the universities or at the Academy of Sciences, and they frequently chose to refocus on the politically less prominent field of industrial sociology. The article concentrates on those non-academic institutions where it was possible to conduct work in the field of industrial sociology: the Institute for Research on Engineering Technology and Economics (VÚSTE), the Institute for Social Analysis (ISA), and some other worksites that existed as branches of research institutes subordinate to different specialised ministries. The authors provide brief descriptions of the main research projects carried out by Czech industrial sociologists in the 1970s and 1980s, an outstanding example of which was the project on non-material working conditions, conducted by the Czechoslovak Institute for Research on Work and Social Issues (CSVÚPSV) and comprising seven sub-projects. The authors also offer a more detailed study of the research projects conducted at the Institute for Social Analysis, such as the socioeconomic analysis of one industrial district in northern Bohemia severely affected by an extreme concentration of heavy industry.