This article is primarily devoted to school libraries, whose main purpose is to develop a reading and information culture among students. This process faces many subjective and objective obstacles; management, teachers, librarians, local authorities and government are responsible for their removal. The most common teaching mistake is to equate young people's high readiness to acquire new information with information technology (IT) preparation. This creates a lot of misunderstandings for teaching, for libraries, and for education in general. The paper discusses the key elements of the so-called Information Competencies Education that has been recognized by the European Union authorities as a priority for contemporary schools and public libraries.