The contribution deals with the employment problem in EU countries and approaches to its solution that are based on the European Council recommendations. Unemployment in EU has been a serious problem from the global point of view, but we can also see regional differences, long term unemployment and unemployment of young people. The European development model includes economic measures based on complex social policy and employment policy. The objective of employment policy is to balance labour supply and labour demand, to provide citizens with the right to work and to utilise the labour resources effectively. The contribution evaluates results of implementing the Employment strategy in EU 15 as well as in Slovakia.