This article aims at presenting the factors which disrupt the specific order of the social policy prevailing for a long time in post-war Europe. The first part of the work discusses those values and standards which compose the European social model. Security, to which the Europeans attach great significance, is its fundamental feature. Next, the factors damaging this structure are presented. The example of work and education has served as an illustration of new forms of inequality. The entire work leads to a conclusion that the nation-states cannot efficiently conduct social policy which does not include the solutions on the European Union level. However, this should not mean blind acceptance of all propositions of Euro bureaucrats.