What is national memory? The author begins his reflections by focusing on collective memory in general, and he claims that national memory is a specific example of a wide case. In his opinion it is essential for collective memory to have a spokesman that can be considered a socially credible witness. The witness must identify with the group and must have the power to speak for the group. The group must develop a sense of physical distance from other groups, it must experience its unique character by perceiving how it differs from other people in virtue of their mental, social and cultural characteristics. It is also important to identify with social past.