A MODERN LINGUISTIC APPROACH TO ATTILA JOZSEF'S POEMS
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This paper surveys some new aspects of approaching literary works of art in terms of a sequence of trends in linguistics and literary criticism that emerged in the second half of the twentieth century. Those trends did not simply follow one another, but they also reflected on one another in many ways and even synthesised the others in certain respects. They included the structuralist, semiotic, textological, pragmatic, and cognitive approaches. In particular, the paper discusses those aspects in Attila Jozsef's poem 'You know there is no remission.' In Part One, some of the structural/textological/rhetorical characteristics of the poem are mentioned (structure, syntactic structure, versification, verbality, vocabulary, word-ethics, some figures, etc.). In Part Two, evidence is provided of the self-addressing character of the poem in terms of a recent, cognitive approach to literary criticism, and the text focus (the centre of textual organisation) and text topic of the poem are determined. The poem's attitude to time is explored, pointing out that rheme-enhancing particles do make it time-confronting. Finally, in terms of the semiotic and cognitive approaches (claiming that language creation is iconic and language use is energy), the iconicity of certain words occurring in the poem is pointed out. The author's aim with the analysis is to bring linguistic and literary approaches closer to one another.
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