b2_Literární reprezentace měst v období raného novověku často směřují ke konstrukci urbánního prostoru jako utopického místa, dokonale organizované a ovládané komunity. Tento přístup byl velmi blízký i Janu Kořínkovi, který hovoří o idylické „politické zahradě“, tedy bezchybné veřejné správě a který vytváří obraz Kutné Hory jako místa posvěceného, vzorově katolického.
a2_The literary representation of towns during the early modern age often has a tendency to depict the urban space as a utopian place, a perfectly organized and controlled community. This approach was very close to the heart of Jan Kořínek, who speaks of an idyllic “political garden”, i.e. faultless public administration, and paints a picture of Kutná Hora as a sanctified place and a paragon of Catholicism.
a1_On the boundary between cultural history and text poetics, this study compares two methods of literarily representing a town. It raises the question how literary texts create an urban space and the identity of its inhabitants and how specific literary strategies and the literary genres of the period played a role in this process. The author focuses on two important literary works in early modern literature on Kutná Hora, the second most important town in the Czech lands after Prague during the 16th and 17th centuries. The first one is Paměti (1593–1620), a town chronicle by Mikuláš Dačický of Heslov, while the second is Staré paměti kutnohorské (1675) by Jan Kořínek, presenting a combination of highly varied genres and text types, dominated by a celebratory approach. The word Paměti in the title of both works does not refer to personal memoirs but collective memory. Dačický’s Paměti only portrays the physical side of the town to a minimum extent (with exteriors and interiors, while St Barbara’s Church is mentioned more frequently as a symbol of the continuity of the town community), and it does not try to build up any notion of ideal space through description or figurative language. Dačický’s glosses and commentaries relate in particular to the social organism of the town (the idea of a closed society suppressing marginal groups, foreigners, the heterodox and others). Kořínek uses the conceptualistic baroque literary method, writing a stylized, occasionally parodistic panegyric to the town to show Kutná Hora as a distinctive and at the same time a privileged town. For this he uses refined rhetorical and intertextual strategies (e.g. description and “ekphrasis” of interiors, playing with the conventions of the humanist genre laus urbis and the like).
Česká literatura, redakce, Ústav pro českou literaturu AV ČR, v. v. i., Na Florenci 3/1420, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic
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