The attempt was made to analyze the shape of preferences in consumption of some selected food-stuffs in both urban and rural households. The analysis was based on the Polish Central Statistical Office's micro-economic data concerning individual Polish household budgets. The econometric model of expenditures and consumption with the demand function was used as a tool in this study. It resulted from the research that consumption preferences for foodstuffs are differentiated between the urban and rural households and also according to the magnitude of locality in which a households is located. The smaller the locality the higher expenditures on flour, meat, milk, eggs, oil, fats and sugar, but lower those on yogurt, fruit juices, vegetables and cheese. This is an effect of both income situation and nutrition habits of the population. The same rule has been revealed as far as the consumption levels of those products were concerned.