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2009 | 70 | 3 | 193-221
Article title

Lokál singuláru tvrdých neživotných maskulin (ve vlaku vs. v potoce): úzus a gramatičnost

Content
Title variants
EN
THE LOCATIVE SINGULAR CASE OF HARD INANIMATE MASCULINE NOUNS (VE VLAKU VS. V POTOCE): USAGE AND GRAMMATICALITY
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
Approximately 6000 inanimate appellative masculine nouns in the locative singular case are used in contemporary written Czech. About 400 of these nouns use both the -u and the -e/-e ending. In about 200 nouns the two variant endings occur in a frequency equilibrium or the historical primary -e/-e prevails. The nouns which end with the -h, -g, -f consonants use only the -u ending without exception. The nouns that end with -k, -ch, -r, i.e. the consonants that alternate with -c, -s, -r, and also the nouns ending with -p, -b, -m, which do not alternate, use only the -u ending as a norm, with only a very few exceptions found in standard written Czech. If the frequency and the historical progress of the -u ending are considered, the -e/-e ending in some exceptional uses in nouns ending in -k, -ch, -r; -p, -b, -m can be regarded ungrammatical. The grammatical -e/-e ending is used alternatively, or in rare cases, exclusively, with a considerable number of those nouns which end with -d, -t, -n, but mainly with -s, -z, -l.
Contributors
  • Frantisek Sticha, UJC AV CR, Letenska 4, Praha 1, 118 51, Czech Republic; http://dlib.lib.cas.cz/4464/
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
09CZAAAA065722
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.24295ada-1fae-3e5d-993f-226da57fcde1
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