Nouns such as rain, star, rock, winter function as centres of poetic nominal constructions (PNC) in the old and contemporary Polish poetry. These constructions consist of nouns and adjectives (synchronically not motivated) and they do not appear in common language but only in rhyming pieces. Their analysis considers: their frequency, syntactic productivity of their compounds (polyproductive and monoproductive adjectives / nouns) and their distribution in texts in various literary periods (poly- and mono- distributive PNC). Basing on the analysed material the author observes systematic grow of PNC in successive phases of a development of the Polish literature. He also demonstrates quantitative changes of various constructions and points out those polydistributive constructions that might cross borders of poetic language and find their place in common phraseology.