SEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF EXPRESSIVE NOUNS (BASED ON THE 'TLUMACHALNY SLOUNIK BELARUSKAY MOVY' EDITED BY K. KRAPIVA)
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The subject of the article is the semantic analysis of expressive nouns of colloquial speech in the modem Belorussian language. They were used as the material basic the expressive nominations with the quantifier colloquial taken from 'Tlumachalny Slounik Belaruskay Movy' edited by K. Krapiva, published between 1977 and 1984 in Minsk. Among the personal expressive nouns the most numerous group are the names of the masculine and common gender which characterise a person in terms of the occupation, type of activity, and the position he occupies (e.g.: ananimshtchic, cishennic, macaronnic, riphmapliot, samahonshtchic, stuchatch), appearance (e.g.: abadranietz, bambiza, bruhatch, harbatch, caratish, obsharpanietz, zdyhliac), more rarely the age (e.g.: pierastarac, starican) or a lack of something (e.g.: biazdomnic, biazdolnic, biazdomac). A less numerous group are nominations of masculine and common gender which characterise a man in terms of his personal features, behaviour, habits, for example abjora, hultaina, nictchemnic, partatch, pascudnic, zajira. Among the non-personal names the majority are abstract names, like obietzanca, blaznovannie, darmayedstva, malpovannie, mudravannie, pacazuja, peckanina. There nouns which are featured positively, for example tatatcha, tatca, pracavic, dabrac, miliaha, rabaciaha, skromnic, udatchnic are rare.
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