PL EN


2004 | 24-25 | 155-162
Article title

Polish songs performing national anthem function

Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
National anthem - one of national culture symbols - is a musical manifestation of identification with a given nation. Polish national anthems stem either from religious songs or from patriotic ones. Among religious songs 'Bogurodzica' is worth noting as a song deeply set in Polish cult for Virgin Mary. Both 'Gaude Mater Polonia' and 'Boze, cos Polske' (composed by Jan Nepomucen Piotr Kaszewski) also served as national anthems. Carols viewed as national songs hold a very special position. 'Bog sie rodzi' with text by Franciszek Karpinski was considered a national anthem, too. Among patriotic songs used as national anthems 'Hymn do milosci ojczyzny' written in 1774 (text by Ignacy Krasicki) and 'Mazurek Dabrowskiego' written in 1797 (text by Józef Wybicki) belong to the oldest. The latter was officially recognized in 1926 as Polish anthem. In the 19th century French songs with Polish texts, such as 'Marsylianka' or 'Karmaniola', were quite popular as anthems. A lot of songs functioning as national anthems exploited traditional Polish dances in their musical forms. After 1918 a few more songs (for example 'Rota') were suggested as possible national anthems of the independent Poland but eventually 'Mazurek Dabrowskiego', along with the white and red flag, became one of Polish national symbols.
Year
Issue
Pages
155-162
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • A. G. Piotrowska, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut Muzykologii, ul. Westerplatte 10, 31-033 Kraków, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
04PLAAAA0020440
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.25f64689-b45e-3813-bbf1-79399d033e55
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