STATE ADMINISTRATION AND THE PROBLEM OF REFUGEES FROM THE REGIONS CEDED IN 1938-1939
As a result of the aggravated situation in the border regions and of the Munich Agreement the Czechoslovak authorities had to intensely cope with the problem of refugees from the border areas, particularly as of September 1938. In November 1938, a central body - the Refugee Aid Center - was established to provide large-scale support for refugees. Simultaneously, a number of volunteer organizations were providing help. A very important role in this particular activity was played by the District authorities that were responsible for the basic aid to the refugees at the local level. In addition to state budget funds money coming from abroad was also available, particularly donations from Great Britain and a dedicated loan to cope with the consequences of the Munich Agreement. Aid to refugees was one of the very complex problems that Czechoslovakia had to cope with after Munich. The consequences of the huge migration of population from the border regions to the core of the country constituted a hot problem for the state during the whole period of war, which continued even after the end of the war.
Jan Benda, Ustav ceskych dejin, Filozoficka fakulta UK, nam. J. Palacha 2, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic
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