The purpose of this article was to present problems concerning efficiency of transport systems in comparison with aims of European transport systems which should be conducted during first decade of XXI century. The changes in consumption models, organizations of production and accessibility to infrastructure which were recently recorded had led to rapid development of transport systems. It had a great influence on improvement of competitiveness in Europe. It was pointed out that the development of mobility did not abide by the principles of sustainable development. Although there was a marginal improvement of energetic efficiency in transport, the total use of energy considerably increased. This contributed to rise of emissions which were produced by transport.