This study describes the history of the parish of Zitenice from the perspective of historical demography. The village is located in northern Bohemia near town Litomerice in a valley on the Elbe River. The population development of Zitenice in the 19th century revealed certain changes in the demographic behaviour of the population. At the start of the century, the conditions for the development of the village were not very favourable, the fertility rate was relatively low, and that combined with a relatively high mortality rate resulted in the stagnation of population size. After overcoming this crisis, Zitenice experienced a more positive period of development manifested in larger increases in the size of the population and an increasing number of buildings. During the last twenty years of the 19th century it is evident that a transition to a new type of demographic behaviour occurred. Mortality and fertility rates decreased significantly. The rates of natural growth were still relatively high, but the overall increase in the size of the population was substantially decreased by emigration.