THE NATION, NATIONAL IDENTITY, AND NATIONAL PRIDE IN EUROPE
This study provides an analysis of national identity in eleven European countries. In the study, national identity is understood as a construct consisting of several elements, four of which are analysed by the authoresses - territorial identity, the image of the nation, national pride, and love for the nation. With regard to the image of the nation, the authoresses focus on the elements that define the cultural nation (ethno-nation) and the political nation (state-nation). With regard to territorial identity they measure localism, regionalism, patriotism, and cosmopolitism (or Europeanism). They also measure national pride in relation to culture and the performance of a state. Finally, the authoresses identify two types of love for the nation - nationalism (or chauvinism) and patriotism.
K. Vlachova, Sociologický ústav AV CR, Jilská 1, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic
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