During the second half of the 1930s growing tension in Polish-Jewish relations was accompanied by increasingly frequent accusations formulated by the Jewish milieus in the USA relating to the emulation by the Polish authorities of the policies pursued by Nazi Germany towards the Jewish minority. The author of the article confronted the opinions voiced by the American Jews about the situation of the Jewish minority in the Second Republic and the attitude of the Polish authorities towards citizens of the Mosaic persuasion with pertinent reports by American diplomats. The titular question comprises a contribution to more general reflections about the political system in Poland during the examined period.
Przemyslaw Rozanski, Uniwersytet Gdanski, Instytut Historii, ul. W. Stwosza 55, 80-952 Gdansk, Poland.
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