The question of Soviet aid to Czechoslovakia in the critical months of the autumn of 1938, when, as a result of aggressive German policy, the existence or non-existence of the Czechoslovak state was still largely unknown . The Czechoslovak government relied heavily on the Czechoslovak-Soviet treaty of 1935, which, however, was bound to provide military assistance from France. It is clear from the Soviet diplomatic statements before Munich that in the event of an attack, the Soviet party referred Czechoslovakia to the League of Nations, which would declare Germany an attacker. If we are to evaluate the Soviet position in summary, perhaps the most concise word and caution. That is, the effort to keep a face to the world public on the one hand and not to be unilaterally involved in a European war in which the Soviet Union would remain alone without direct military cooperation with the West.