STATE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ON THE HISTORY OF INDUSTRY IN POLAND
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Polish research interests in the history of industry first appeared on the turn of the 19th century. In the interwar period the searches were taken up in the field of economic history that became then a distinct historical sub-branch mainly by dint of such eminent historians as: Franciszek Bujak, Jan Rutkowski and Roman Grodecki. The greatest achievements in the range were observed in academic centres in Cracow, Poznan, Warsaw and Lvov. A significant development of searches on the history of industry in Poland was noticed in the period of Polish People's Republic. To a high degree it resulted from the priority of research works over the working class, and resulted in the necessity for taking up the searches on manufacturing establishments. However, in course of time the institutions became autonomous. In those days even appeared the centres that used to take up searches on particular branches of industry that were predominant in a given region. The searches were taken up in many centres: in Katowice – on coal-mining industry (Jerzy Jaros), in Lódz – on textile industry (Natalia Gasiorowska-Grabowska, Gryzelda Missalowa, Wieslaw Pus), in Poznan – on rural and food industry (Czeslaw Luczak, Marian Eckert). The centres in Cracow (Helena Madurowicz-Urbanska) and in Warsaw (Ireneusz Ihnatowicz, Juliusz Lukaszewicz, Irena Pietrzak-Pawlowska) had more universal nature. In Warsaw I. Pietrzak-Pawlowska made an attempt at integrating all Polish searches' findings that resulted in publishing gathered materials in three volumes. Other centres published single descriptions. A special attention should be paid to works that were initiated by scientific and technological associations. The most significant triumphs in this field were achieved by: Association of the Polish Electricians, Association of Engineers and Technicians of the Chemical Industry and Polish Society of the History of Technology. Moreover, there also appeared a great number of occasional publications of differentiated value that were a kind of bulletins, and promoted particular industrial establishments. In the 1980s things were trending away from the research works over the history of industry. Historians took up searches on the social and political issues. The author thinks that a successful development of the searches could be possible by dint of their concentration in one centre as, for instance, National Museum of Technology and Industry, which would be both exhibition and scientific institution.
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