The Figure of the Virgin and Child from Dominikowice. Studies in 14th Century Malopolska (Lesser Poland) Wooden Sculpture
Figura Matki Boskiej z Dzieciątkiem z Domibikowic: ze studiów nad rzeźbą drewnianą Małopolski w XIV wieku
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The paper introduces into the literature a wooden sculpture representing the Virgin and Child. The figure is now kept at the Diocesan Museum in Tarnów, where it has been brought from nearby Dominikowice. The original site of the sculpture is unknown, but its stylistic features permit its placing among the works originating from the borderland between the Polish and the Hungarian Kingdom of that time. The closest to the discussed sculpture in this respect is the figure of the Virgin and Child in St Margaret's Church at Nowy Sacz. The latter Madonna, well known to researchers, has been linked with some Spis (Zips) sculptures: figures of the Madonna from Toporec (Toporc, Topperz) and Ruskinovce (Ruszkin, Riessdorf). The Nowy Sacz Madonna refers to each of them, but or the proportions of her body and some elements of the draperies it is nearer to the figure from Toporec. Further details of the draperies of the robes bring to mind a figure from Svábovec, which may be regarded as a remoter source of inspiration for the Malopolska sculpture. The Virgin and Child from Dominikowice, via the Nowy Sacz figure, refers to he above-mentioned Spis works and directly - on account of the Child's gesture of puling Mary's veil to Himself - to yet another figure: the Madonna from Uloze. The observed stylistic affinities of the Malopolska sculptures permit the supposition that the Spis sculptural circle of the third quarter of the 14th century significantly influenced Malopolska sculpture and, consequently, may have transmitted some stylistic tendencies of French provenance that had perhaps reached Spis via Vienna.
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