The treatise is based on a more general thesis concerning romantic literature, and investigated first and foremost on the example of Juliusz Slowacki's 'Hour of Thought' which says that though the literature in question was principally an expression of a young man's pains, it also encompassed his emotional past completed with pains of a man-child. Since this expression is either hidden or intermediary and effected with very particular artistic means of expression, it has so far been unnoticed. The aforementioned means of expression can only be traced today with the knowledge of mental phenomena as revealed by psychoanalysis. The combination of the two research methods - i.e. literary and psychoanalytical - and its application to the examination of so-called romantic love shows that the love in question is coupled with the feelings that join a child with its mother at the earliest stages of the child's life with its mother.