2The author analyses the position of the basic social rights, as well as right of work in the area of labour law in Slovak republik, which depends on the legal construction of these instruments in the Constitution of the Slovak Republic. It is also connected with the enforcement of this constitutional right in the area of private and public law. The article deals with the main features and characteristic signs which are involved in legal construction of these rights, one the most important types of the basic social rights (freedoms). In the first part there is given an outline of the specific features of the basic social right (for example: right to choose a job, personal freedom, freedom of contract, legal protection, etc.) as a legal source for independent performance of work in law and the second part is aimed to analyse right of work. The importance of the basic social rights in the process of performing of work in Slovak Republic brought some new ideas and admissions also to the labour law as a part of the whole legal system. Article also focuses on the expectations and experiences related to new-built objective legal rules application. It also comprises the problem of relation to the contract of employment . Description of the most important marks of these typical legal institutes are noticed in detail.