Syllabotonic verse word order in Czech
The article analyzes deviations from the neutral word order in Czech poetry composed in the syllabotonic metrical system. The poet may change the neutral word order usual for a stylistically neutral utterance so that he or she keeps the metrical or rhyme scheme chosen. In the article, selected collections of Czech 19th- and 20th-century poetry are examined. Deviations from the basic word order which are used by multiple authors are described: marked positions of attributes, enclitics, predicate verbs, prepositions, connectors and semantically emphasized sentence elements. The analysis also attempts to resolve the question of limitations on Czech free word order to avoid the collapse of a continuous utterance. Some deviations exceed the boundaries of grammatical correctness. The 20th-century authors employ only some of the deviations frequent in the preceding century (the most persistent of these is the postposition of congruent attribute and marked enclitic placement).
Slovo a slovesnost, redakce, Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, v.v.i., Letenská 4, 118 51 Praha 1, Czech Republic
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