PL EN


2008 | 39 | 3 | 129-137
Article title

The Attributes of Adulthood Recognised by Adolescents and Adults

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The article has made an attempt to identify the ways in which adolescents and adults see the process of 'transitioning into adulthood' and what attributes they think are necessary for an adult person to possess. The problem of 'becoming an adult' has been portrayed in the broader context of parent-adolescent relation development. Research by Smetana (1988) has cast some light on a possible source of the conflict: differences in understanding social situations and the role of authority figures by adolescents and their parents. In contemporary society there are no unquestionable determinants of adulthood, a fact very conducive to intergenerational conflict. In the current study two groups of adolescents (15- and 18-year-olds) and a group of adults (38 to 56-year-olds) were examined using a questionnaire by J. J. Arnett (1997) The Attributes of Adulthood. The results show marked uniformity among subjects as to the choice of 'adulthood' characteristics. They point to events such as reaching a certain age, completing one's education or starting a family as the least important in transitioning to adolescence. The most popular categories, regardless of age, included subjective and psychological characteristics, such as financial independence, the ability to accept and fulfil new social roles or accepting responsibility for the consequences of one's actions. Reference to such ambiguous attributes can lead to parents and adolescents interpreting them differently and thus contribute to misunderstanding and conflict in parent-child relations.
Year
Volume
39
Issue
3
Pages
129-137
Physical description
PPB_39_3\X404L1631XJ67G6V.xml
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • Ewa Gurba, Uniwersytet Jagielloonski, Instytut Psychologii, ul. Golebia 13, 31-007 Kraków, Poland
References
  • Arnett, J. J. (1997). Young people's conceptions of the transition to adulthood.Youth & Society29, (1), 3-23.
  • Arnett, J. J. (2000). Conceptions of the transitions from adolescence through midlife.Journal of Adult Development8, (2), 133-143.
  • Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging Adulthood. A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties.American Psychologist55, (5), 469-480.
  • Brooks-Gunn, J., Zahaykevich, M. (1989). Parent-child relationships in early adolescence: A developmental perspective. In:. Kreppner K.,.Lerner R.M (Ed.).Family systems and life-span development.Hilsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • Buchanan, Ch. M., Eccles, J.S, Becker J, B. (1992). Are adolescents the victims of raging hormones. Evidence for activational effects of hormones on moods and behavior at adolescence.Psychological Bulletin111 (1), 62-107.
  • Collins, W. A. (1990). Parent-child relationships in the transition to adolescence: Continuity and change in interaction, affect, and cognition. W: Montemayor R., Adams G., & Gullotta T. (Ed.)Advances in adolescent development: Vol. 2. From childhood to adolescence: A transitional period?Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
  • Erikson, E. (1997).Dzieciństwo i społeczeństwo.Rebis, Poznań.
  • Freud, A. (1958). Adolescence.Psychoanalytic Study of the Child13, 255-278.
  • Havinghurst, R. J. (1972).Developmental Tasks and the education.Longmans & Green, New York.
  • Mead, M. (1986).Trzy studia.PIW, Warszawa.
  • Nilsen A., Brannen, J. (2002). Theorising the individual-structure dynamic. In: Brannen J., Lewis S., Nilsem A., Smithson J. (Ed.)Young Europeans, work and family: Futures in transmission.ESA/Routledge, London.
  • Paikoff, R. L., Brooks-Gunn, J. (1990). Physiological processes: What role do they play during the transition to adolescence? In: Montemayor R., Adams G. & Gulotta T. (Ed.)Advances in adolescent development: Vol.2. From childhood to adolescence: A transitional period?CA: Sage, Newbury Park.
  • Paikoff, R. L., Brooks-Gunn, J. (1991). Do parent -child relationships change during puberty?American Psychological Bulletin110, 47-66.
  • Scheer, S, D., Unger, D. G. (1996). Adolescents becoming adults: Attributes for adulthood.Adolescence31, 121-127.
  • Smetana, J. G. (1988). Adolescents' and Parents' conceptions of parental authority.Child Development, 59, 321-335.
  • Steinberg, L. (1987). Impact of puberty on family relations: Effects of pubertal status and pubertal timing.Developmental Psychology, 24, 451-460.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
09PLAAAA071017
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.2ce68950-0a73-35a4-a779-2d0e86de1026
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.