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2011 | 4 | 7-16

Article title

HUMANISM OF WLADYSLAW MIECZYSLAW KOZLOWSKI AND TRANSPERSONALISM OF GUSTAW RADBRUCH (Humanizm Wladyslawa Mieczyslawa Kozlowskiego a transpersonalizm Gustawa Radbrucha)


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The turning point of XIX and XX centuries in the arts subjects was crucial. The emphasis on individual's theory increased. In his arts subjects theory, presented Wladyslaw Mieczyslaw Kozlowski human being as creative individual capable to lead the society in the specified direction. The proof for such a theory could have been life-time achievements of the individual, which are used by next generations. According to Gustaw Radbruch, the individual constitutes ability to achieve particular morality, which allows to devote to specified works and to creative self-fulfilment. The last one is culturally consolidated and includes the brothership of the human beings. Such ability of particular individuals leads to creation of over-particular bonds of the mentioned above individuals throughout common activities and will to achieve the common goal. The world's history judges particular nations throughout measure of their works, which constitute not only the goal of human aspirations themself, but also shows the gauge of their values.



  • Magdalena Milczarek-Gnaczynska, Akademia Marynarki Wojennej, ul. Smidowicza 69, 81-103 Gdynia, Poland


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