This work surveys the development of Czech historical bibliography in the Historical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the CR since the start of the 1990s, its current research and promotes debate on its perspectives. It deals with the questions of the meaning and importance of historical bibliography in an information society. Current financial problems in the Academy of Sciences have led to the discontinuation of the publication of annual printed bibliographical bulletins. As a result of the cessation of printed resources, the problem of archival storage and how to ensure their long-term existence has arisen. For these reasons, steps were taken to convert data from the bibliographical database into the standard international exchange format which will facilitate a wider co-operation with other scientific libraries and participation in projects which might enhance the existing database of the Bibliography of History of the Czech Lands. The Bibliographical Section of the Historical Institute has in recent years established wider international co-operation with its historical counterparts in a number of European countries. Within this framework, it contributes to international databases and it also has the possibility of acquiring hard-to-access data from them.