The main purpose of the study was to define the level of education efficiency in state agricultural universities in 2001-2005 by using the DEA method. The authors attempted to explain the inefficiency by employing the super DEA method and DEA-based Malmquist productivity index measures. In the paper the following detailed targets were set: - to analyse technical efficiency level of education; - to define production gap; - to establish a ranking of universities, - to calculate DEA-based Malmquist productivity total index measure. The sample covers 8 State universities: University of Technology and Agriculture in Bydgoszcz, Krakow Agricultural University, University of Agriculture in Lublin, University of Agriculture in Poznan, University of Agriculture in Siedlce (Podlaski University of Agriculture), University of Agriculture in Szczecin, University of Agriculture in Wroclaw, and Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW). The value of relative efficiency ranged from 0.950 and 0.991 while the scale efficiency ranged from 0.943 to 0.968 in 2001-2005. Analysis shows that in the case of inefficient agricultural universities it is possible to combine analysed inputs more effectively and - consequently - to allocate public funding in education in a better way.