Political situation of Poland after 1831 drew the attention of Italian intellectuals and men of letters, since what both the nations had in common was the idea of fighting for independence. Giuseppe Mazzini, one of the main architects of the Italian 'Risorgimenta', was the one who had the greatest contribution in popularization of Poland and the place of the Poles in Europe. Niccoló Tommasea, a great romantic writer, was another one. They both, however, knew Adam Mickiewicz and supported his idea to form a Polish army unit in Italy in 1848, the legendary Legion. During the struggle for the Roman Republic in 1849, Gofredo Mameli, several days before his death of heroically received wounds, wrote the hymn 'Fratelli d'Italia', the last 'stanza' of which is about the solidarity of the Polish and the Italian, and is a synthesis of Polish-Italian relationships during the springtime of nations in 1848.