COALITION ARMIES' ACTIVITIES IN THE REGION OF THE PERSIAN GULF IN THE YEARS 1990-1991 (POLITICAL AND MILITARY ASPECTS) (Dzialalnosc wojsk koalicyjnych w rejonie Zatoki Perskiej w latach 1990-1991 (aspekty polityczne i militarne))
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In the article the author concisely presented the historical background and the causes for the Iraqi aggression against Kuwait in 1990, triggering the first war in the Persian Gulf. The Iraqi invasion was immediately condemned by the United Nations Security Council, which issued a series of resolutions in which it persuaded Hussein to withdraw his troops from Kuwait. As a result of his disregard of the persuasion, the Allies, under the leadership of the USA, undertook an operation protecting Saudi Arabia (Operation Desert Shield). The next Allies' step was Operation Desert Sword. In its consequence Hussein's army was cut off from their supplies. In January 1991 the Allies started the next stage of their activities - Operation Desert Storm. It was then that the Allies' aviation broke the defence of the Iraqi land forces. On February 24, 1991 Operation Desert Sword began. It aimed at displacing Hussein from Kuwait and overtaking the control over oil deposits by the USA. Despite the Allies' victory, Hussein was not defeated. His activities provoked another intervention of the coalition, leading to the operation called Iraqi Liberty or Gulf War II.
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