The author presented the process of structural reform on the labour market in Vietnam. Those reforms are characteristic for other post-socialist countries. However, the implementation of reforms in the system of hybrid economy meets substantial obstacles. Furthermore, the difference of economic system, cultural and historical conditions causes growing interest of scientists and research workers in results achieved in Vietnam. The author presents review of the essential reforms on the labour market on the turn of the 20th century. The particular theses are illustrated by comprehensive statistical data.