The study deals with the representation of Prague’s New Town in the Late Middle Ages. The intellectuals connected with the municipal office derived the identity of the town from the person of its founder – Emperor Charles IV. The town scribes and preachers called Prague’s New Town the “residential town of Emperor Charles”. The study’s author progressively handles several questions. He first deals with the term stolice (stool – residential town) and its use in medieval Czech. In the second part of the study, examples are mentioned of the relations between the royal residence and the town. The third part of the study deals with the royal representation in the urban milieu and the political communication of Prague’s New Town, which had to defend its economic, legal and power independence from Prague’s Old Town.