The article is devoted to exile of the Catholic priest to Siberia after insurrection of 1863. His period of life as a prisoner, his way to Siberia, and also his opinion about Russian orthodox clergy are described. The customs of Russian people which noted Stanislav Matrash in his memoirs are mentioned as well. The review of biography of the exiled and the whole way of the exile are described in details. The particular attention is given to etymology of words 'Russian', 'Moscow', 'Kacap', etc. It is necessary to notice that both moral, and physical image of the Russians is presented in the given work as well as human features of some characters. The special attention in the article is given to various social groups their customs, behaviour, moral shape and circumstances in which the priest has met representatives of this or that social group of the Russian society. It is illustrated by a considerable quantity of vivd examples. As a whole, the author of the article comes to conclusion that memoirs of priest Stanislav Matrash presents quite objective picture of the Polish exiles, imperial power and Russian people.