PL EN


2011 | 3(45) | 26-58
Article title

Wieżowce w winnicach. Cykl życiowy nadmorskiej destynacji turystycznej na przykładzie Benidormu

Content
Title variants
EN
Skyscrapers in vineyards. The life cycle of a second generation seaside resort – the case of Benidorm
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
The main aim of the article is to test Richard Butler’s model of tourist destination lifecycle in relation to Benidorm – one of the most important Spanish seaside resorts. Benidorm is an example of extreme changes in the landscape caused by a large number of skyscrapers. The analysis of Benidorm’s history from 14th to 16th century and its photographs allowed us to identify phases of this resort’s cycle. Supply and demanded features, infrastructure, the degree of landscape change and management priorities were also taken into consideration. Particular attention was paid to the reorientation stage. Using statistical data, the authors verified how effective the reorientation of Benidorm’s tourism economy was. Moreover, in order to show a wide background of the issues discussed, the main characteristics of development stages of mass tourism were presented (based on ten examples of second generation seaside resorts).
PL
Autorzy przetestowali model cyklu życiowego destynacji turystycznej Richarda Butlera na jednym z najważniejszych ośrodków turystyki wypoczynkowej Hiszpanii – Benidormie. Wyróżnia się on dużym stopniem przekształcenia krajobrazu – jest to największe skupisko wieżowców w Europie. Na podstawie historycznej analizy rozwoju ośrodka od XIV do XXI w. i źródeł ikonograficznych (fotografii) zidentyfikowano kolejne fazy cyklu, a także określono cechy popytu i podaży, zasób infrastrukturalny, stopień przekształcenia krajobrazu i priorytety zarządzania. Szczególny nacisk położono na omówienie procesu reorientacyjnego (restrukturyzacyjnego), a następnie oceniono jego skuteczność na podstawie analizy danych statystycznych. Rozpatrzono przypadek Benidormu na tle porównawczym 10 nadmorskich destynacji drugiej generacji z różnych regionów świata. Ponadto zaproponowano syntetyczny, uogólniony model rozwoju sfery turystycznej w uwzględnionych miejscowościach.
Contributors
author
  • Grzegorz Rak, Politechnika Opolska, Instytut Turystyki i Rekreacji, ul. Proszkowska 76, 45-758 Opole, Poland
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
11PLAAAA104415
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.330f854e-ddf9-398d-8e00-1e8414008dd7
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