The paper focuses on the organization of the public sphere in the Croatian culture, and its interpretation in social and human sciences. Four texts from the beginning of Croatian modernity are concerned, two of them of ethnologic, and two other of literary nature. Every text shows how woman was eliminated from pubic sphere, and subordinated to masculine domination. The metaphor of the voice was derived from ethnologic observation as a clearest example of the inequality of genders, genuine to functioning of the public sphere in 19th and 20th century, not only in Croatia. A question appears how can one interpret the process of the emancipation: from national perspective regardless the absence of many groups from the public debate, or from civic perspective, as an uncompleted phenomenon.