This study concerns the premiere of the symphonic poem Zrání (Ripening) by Josef Suk, Zdeněk Nejedlý’s opinions about Suk, and the so-called “Suk affair”, stirred up when Nejedlý accused Suk of having accepted an Austrian medal. The first chapter tells of the premiere of Zrání and the reactions to it including Nejedlý’s negative reviews. A separate chapter deals with Nejedlý’s opinions about Suk’s music and about the historical background of those opinions. There is also discussion of the personal relationship between Nejedlý and Suk. Special attention is devoted to how the so-called “Suk affair” has been viewed by scholars since Suk’s death up until the present.