Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl

PL EN


2006 | 44 | 1 | 80-99

Article title

OBJECT AND CONTEXT IN PERCEPTION AND MEMORY. POLISH-CHINESE RESEARCH ON ANALYTIC AND HOLISTIC COGNITIVE STYLES.

Authors

Title variants

Languages of publication

PL

Abstracts

EN
In the described research the authoress examined hypothesis about the significance of Object and Context and about memory of them among Polish and Chinese representatives. The project was based on the comparative studies among Americans and East-Asians dealing with two cognitive styles: holistic and analytic. The research on comparing the context sensitivity of Japanese and Americans publishes by Nisbett and Masuda in 2001 was a prototype study for the own one. The results showed that Poles preferred the Objects, which is rated higher. For Chinese the Background was always more important than the Object, irrespectively to the stimulus origin. Chinese cognitive style was more constant. The results of recognition test showed that Chinese made more errors and Poles had more correct indications. The research gave some evidences for the differentiation on two cognitive styles specific for Asian and European. The holistic style of thinking characteristic for Chinese, in contrary to analytic style typical for Poles, does not bring Asians only advantages. Although they see more details which let them see far more of the world than Westerners, they are also in cognitively more demanding situation and they have to remember more elements. Depending on the situation both of cognitive styles: holistic and analytic can be useful and appropriate.

Year

Volume

44

Issue

1

Pages

80-99

Physical description

Document type

ARTICLE

Contributors

  • D. Cieslikowska, Szkola Wyzsza Psychologii Spolecznej, Wydzial Psychologii, Instytut Psychologii Stosunk√≥w Miedzykulturowych, ul. Chodakowska 19/31, 03-815 Warszawa, Poland

References

Document Type

Publication order reference

Identifiers

CEJSH db identifier
06PLAAAA01322973

YADDA identifier

bwmeta1.element.34be41be-f8bb-3e0a-bde9-60b519a17b9f
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.