NEW CRIMES IN THE SYSTEM OF THE PENAL LAW PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE
This year marks the third anniversary of the statute on the protection of historical monuments, in force since 23 July 2003. Such a period of time appears to be sufficient to perceive the necessity of introducing a number of changes. Reacting to this postulate, the legislator has embarked upon first attempts at an amendment, which have remained fragmentary and certainly have not resolved all the problems associated with the application of the binding statute. The most significant alterations formulated by the legislator include the definition of two new crimes which may be succinctly described as forgery and the introduction of a forged monument onto the market. This innovation is a response to the mass scale presence on the domestic market of forgeries of works of art and monuments offered for sale. Naturally, this is not the only change of the statute in question; others relate to questions also regulated by means of its decisions. The amendment of the statute thus lists four crimes and ten misdemeanours against historical monuments. Naturally, this is not the total of all the felonies which may affect such monuments, since the system of the penal law protection of cultural heritage consists also of crimes mentioned in the penal code.
dr, jest adjunktem w Katedrze Teorii i Filozofii Państwa i Prawa Wydziału Prawa i Administracji Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego. Prowadzi zajęcia z zakresu prawnej ochrony dziedzictwa kultury ze studentami prawa oraz historii sztuki Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego.
K. Zeidler, Uniwersytet Gdanski, Wydzial Prawa i Administracji, ul. Bazynskiego 6, 80-952 Gdansk 5, Poland
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