SIENKIEWICZ AND TOCQUEVILLE: A STUDY OF THE EVOLUTION OF HENRYK SIENKIEWICZ'S SOCIAL ANO POLITICAL VIEWS
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This article traces the evolution of Henryk Sienkiewicz's social and political views in the last quarter of the 19th century. It appears that Sienkiewicz's early commitment to the Polish brand of positivism (ie. pragmatic 'organic work') and some radical liberal ideas wilted in the years 1878-1882, when he became attracted to the political thought of Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859). The imprint of Tocqueville's ideas can be detected not only in Sienkiewicz's journalism but also in his debut play 'Going All-In' (1881) and his two 'contemporary' novels 'Without Dogma' (1891) and 'Vortex' (1909). Ultimately Sienkiewicz settled down for a modern conservatism, broad enough to accommodate some liberal and positivist ideas. And, like Tocqueville, Sienkiewicz was an aristocratic liberal.
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