THE PRINCIPLES OF DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE: NEW RULES FOR EVALUATION OF JUSTICE
The article entails the proposition to broaden the set of principles of distributive justice by formulating two classes of principles, which are a generalization of Rawls', and conservative principles of evaluating justice. The need to enlarge the set of rule of justice is justifi ed by the great degree of fi t between the orderings of goods divisions marked by the new principles and the evaluations made by the people under study. Empirical results point to the existence of a new normative dimension which can aid in ordering both the classic as well as the new rules of justice - from radically egalitarian to conservative. Generalized principles of evaluating justice form a coherent theoretical construct with the generalized rules of just choice, which we proposed with Piotr Swistak in 1995.
Grzegorz Lissowski, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Warszawa, Poland
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