In this paper two-part paper the author first deals with the correlation between the subject and perspective of sociology, and determine the aspects of the classification of sociological perspectives. Then he draws up the types of sociological perspectives and points out the main theories and theoretical directions representing different perspectives. The sociological perspective is a system of notions referring to the basic questions of sociology, which basically determines the whole of the theoretical concepts and correlations of sociology. In order to draw up the typical perspectives emerging in sociological theory, he defines the basic correlations and questions of sociology. he distinguishes between the holist and the individualist perspectives on the level of overall perspectives, from the point of view of the level of factors determining social phenomena. He makes a distinction between symbolist and factualist perspectives from the point of view of the nature of factors determining social phenomena, On the level of the main perspectives, he makes a distinction between normativist, structuralist, creativist and rationalist perspectives.