Immigrants going to Almeria (Spain) are mainly joining the intensive farming sector such as greenhouses, though nowadays they are present in other areas such as construction and restaurant industries as well as domestic service. Some immigrants in order to escape and overcome market segmentation run their own ethnic businesses in the county. The ruling hypothesis is that, once an immigrant is established as an autonomous worker in the labor market, a whole ethnic economy develops. Besides this is an alternative option for immigrants instead of going through the segregation and discrimination which are constant in other sectors. The same way, the importance of the reception environments in general through the integration process, and more specifically in the autonomous labor market is highlighted as well.
Ángeles Arjona Garrido, Department of the Social Sciences, University of Almeria, Spain
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