The authoress of the article attempts to present the complexity of tradition of Orpheus myth and the literary creativity of Jan Kochanowski as based on his 'Song Two' from 'Second Book of Songs'. In the introduction she sketches the history of this mythological motif and its methodological problems. Further, she depicts the artistic mode Kochanowski refers to this myth and the way this tradition highlights the interpretation of the text. 'Song Two', informally referred to as 'Hanna's invitation to Czarnolas', seems to be composed of carefully plotted 'literary places'. The Orpheus myth mingles with Silenus myth, and their common denominator is the figure of a sage who knows the secrets of nature. 'Song Two' also contains an important for the Renaissance writer reflection on the power of language and speech, which are the testimonies of wisdom and virtue.