Seats of nobility of the era of romanticism, landscape gardens and the nature of Great Britain in the travel diaries of selected representatives of Austrian aristocracy of the 19th century
The study deals with the British journeys of Archduke Johann from 1815– 1816, Prince Johann Adolf II. of Schwarzenberg from 1825–1826 and 1838 and Prince Vincenz Karl of Auersperg from 1837. The text publishes some excerpts from their travel diaries (in the case of the Archduke a copy of his travel diary deposited in the Moravian Provincial Archive in Brno) which contain references to the nature of Great Britain, its landscape gardens, as well as the architecture of the revivalism, represented by the castles and mansions of British nobility. Since the British Romanticism influenced the aristocrats in the Czech lands and led them to rebuild their seats (including Auersperg and Schwarzenberg), it is very beneficial to present how the noblemen from the Austrian Empire got to know some examples of British Romanticism to which landscape gardens and the architecture of the revivalism belong. After a general introduction explaining how Britain contributed to shape the culture of the 19th century, the journeys of the three aristocrats and the characteristics of their travel diaries will be introduced. The main part of the text brings the edition of the records found in the mentioned documents, that are followed by their analysis and evaluation.
Moderní dějiny, redakce, Historický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., Prosecká 76, 190 00 Praha 9, Czech Republic
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