The article deals with the Russian-Chechen conflict which took place after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Its aim is to present the factors that influenced the conflict, arguments of the parties to the conflict and the attitude of the main superpowers - which was determined by political and economic interests - and organizations towards the problem. In order to do that, the authoress analyzes the issue reading available publications and source materials. The analysis shows that the conflict does not have a clear-cut nature. The basic human rights are pushed into the background while the particular interests of superpowers get the upper hand. The lack of real action of the international community had an impact on the situation of refugees, Chechnya's citizens and the whole Caucasus. So the superpowers and international organizations are losers, too - they compromised themselves when they were confronted with the problem as their actions were connected with, among others, economic interests in the region. On the other hand, having launched some terrorist attacks, the Chechens discredited themselves in the eyes of the public opinion. Today, they also fight a lost battle for independence. But the subsequent generations of Chechens living in exile or in the devastated Chechnya can change the situation.