EARLY MEDIEVAL ARROWHEADS FROM SMUGOWA GÓRA NEAR THE TOWN OF TROKS IN OLKUSZ DISTRICT
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The arrowheads presented here were found in one deposit on the southern slope of Smugowa Góra, which is located near the town of Troks in the Olkusz district. Smugowa Góra is situated in the northern part of Olkusz Upland, where the uniform areas of the plateau are dominated by single hills or inselbergs. The find included 10 arrowheads preserved to a varying degree and shape (deltoid- and needle-shaped arrowheads with tangs, with a forked leaf, crossbow bolt head). The presented collection of arrowheads from Smugowa Góra is very interesting because of its variety. With great probability they can be connected with the Tartar invasions and dated back to mid -13th century. It is difficult to define precisely which of the arrowheads was imported and which was a local product. The deltoid- and needle-shaped arrowheads with tangs are undoubtedly of eastern origin. The arrowhead with a forked leaf can be included in this group as well, despite suggestions concerning the possibility of being produced locally. The native form could be represented by two crossbow bolt heads (?), particularly one of them, whose similar forms are frequently found in Medieval sites.
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