The article discusses Cyprian Norwid's place in 1944-1948 Polish culture, and focuses mainly on the attempts to deprive him of the due place in Polish literature he earned, as well as on the counteracting initiatives taken up by outstanding experts in his literary creativity. Shortly after WW II, cultural circles connected with the Church tried to make him a patron of the country's restoration. Not until the Marxist ideology gained a dominant position, could Norwid seem to occupy one of the most crucial position in the pantheon of artists. The new rulers, in contrast, had a different vision of tradition. The poet's writings was proved useless in the process of socialist man formation. Norwid's supporters used the methods imposed by the communists - presented him as a 'poet-worker', and uncompromising critic of the bourgeoisie and capitalism. The author of the paper makes an attempt to a possibly broad presentation of this ideological fight with Norwid and for Norwid.