TOPOLOGICAL MODELLING OF GRAMMATICAL AND LEXICAL ASPECT IN ENGLISH
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This paper stems from a broader research project entitled 'Analog-based Modelling of Meaning Representations in English' (Skrzypczak 2006), and aims to present 'grammatical aspect' and 'lexical aspect' as two modes of encoding the temporal profiles within the conceptualisation of processes (terminologically, in Langackerian sense, imperfective and perfective processes, otherwise, variously labelled as stative and dynamic verbs, i. e. states vs. discrete 'unitary' events and non-discrete 'unbounded' processes). It is assumed that aspect in both cases - as a process-profiling category - is analogous to the profiling of things and atemporal relations (in the sense of Langacker 1987, 1990, 2000), given the 'maximisation of the temporal domain' in the characterisation of processes (perfective and imperfective, hence: dynamic and stative), and 'minimalisation of the temporal domain' during the conceptualisation of things (conceptually independent entities) and atemporal relations (conceptually dependent atemporal configurations). The analogy between nouns and verbs in terms of 'granularity' has been so far variously addressed by Langacker (1990), Jackendoff (1991) and Talmy (2001), and also constitutes the core assumption in author's research on topological modelling.
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