PL EN


2008 | 44 | 5 | 859-889
Article title

Redukcionismus bez pověr a iluzí. Dějiny a současnost sociologie jako svár „identity“ s redukcionismem

Content
Title variants
EN
REDUCTIONISM WITHOUT SUPERSTITIONS OR ILLUSIONS. THE HISTORY AND PRESENT OF SOCIOLOGY AS THE STRUGGLE OF 'IDENTITY' AGAINST REDUCTIONISM
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
From the very outset sociology has waged a fight for its survival against 'reductionism': it resists the interpretation of social phenomena through other levels of reality (demographic, biological, geographic), because allegedly that would deny the specificity of social life and the singularity of humans as a unique biological species. However, the current state of knowledge, especially dynamic developments in biology (socio-biology, neo-Darwinism, evolutionary biology, evolutionary psychology), has forced sociology to re-think its relationship to reductionism in general - accepting it as a possible principle of interpretation - and specifically - precisely specifying when it is possible and useful to apply the reductionist principle. Although it is possible to respect criticism of radical reductionism (Frankl, Bertalanffy), today it is necessary to search for new ways of cooperating with the natural sciences and probably even to re-design study curricula in the field. By accepting the reductionist principle sociology is not losing its specificity, as long as it takes into the account the distinctiveness of the social and natural sciences (some social phenomena really cannot be described or explained in reductionist terms).
Year
Volume
44
Issue
5
Pages
859-889
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • Miloslav Petrusek, Institut sociologickych studii Fakulty socialnich ved UK, U Krize 8, Praha 5 Jinonice, 158 00, Czech Republic, http://dlib.lib.cas.cz/3550/
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
09CZAAAA05521
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.3ba5b646-50de-365d-994d-fa4d17bbdc34
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